You will have a unique experience in the South of Mexico City, by visiting the only vestiges of the old canals and chinampas (man-made islands) constructed by the Aztecs when they built Tenochtitlan, their capital city, on the site where Mexico City is now located.
Xochimilco is all that remains of the lake territory in the Southern portion of Mexico City. It consists of a series of canals and chinampas. The chinampas are artificial islands created in the shallow waters of lakes starting in the pre-Hispanic period when the Aztecs moved into the region. These Islands began as rafts made of branches of trees and other materials, which were loaded with earth and mud from the bottom of the lake and attached to ahuejote or other types of trees to anchor them. Over time, these rafts would sink and accumulate at the bottom of the shallow lake, and ultimately become fixed Islands.
In addition to the chinampas, restoration efforts expanded a 54 hectare lake and have created two small artificial lakes of approximately one hectare each. Facing these water courses is the Jetty of Nativitas (a dock) from which trajinera (flat-bottomed barges similar to gondolas) depart to tour the canals and the best-preserved chinampas of Xochimilco. While cruising on the trajinera, passengers can purchase food, beverages and other products while listening to passing mariachi bands. The entire area is quite festive, particularly on weekends and holidays.
Xochimilco is one of the few areas that remain in the Valley of Mexico which still has a significant number of chinampas. The area was declared a biological preserve by the Mexican government in 1984 and heritage site by UNESCO in 1987. We are sure that you will enjoy this experience.
Cuicuilco is the oldest archaeological zone of the Valley of Mexico. It is a predecessor of Teotihuacán. It was covered by lava in 200 A.C. and is known as the American Pompeii
City UNAM University
UNAM University is the seat of education in Mexico and is recognized around the world. It is a part of the cultural heritage of humanity and is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Its architecture is impressive and was designed by some of brightest and best architects of contemporary Mexico.